What is Margin Pledge in the Stock Market?

Ever wished you could unlock more trading potential? The world of stock markets might seem vast, but what if you could leverage your existing holdings to open doors to new opportunities? Buckle up, because this guide will delve into a strategy that could supercharge your trading journey – Margin Pledge in the stock market! Let’s understand the Margin Pledge meaning and see how it can make your trading process better.

What is a Margin Pledge?

Margin Pledge is a financial service that enables users to use their current stock portfolio as collateral to obtain additional funds, known as ‘collateral margin’. With the help of this facility, traders can use their existing stocks to take advantage of various trading opportunities in the stock market. This collateral margin can be used for intraday trading, futures & options (selling/writing only), and even delivery trades via a Margin Trading Facility (MTF), also known as eMargin.

By pledging their stocks, traders can access additional funds to expand their trading activities, potentially increasing their returns and diversifying their investment strategies. It offers traders flexibility and liquidity, allowing them to optimise their trading positions and capitalise on market opportunities while using their existing stock holdings as security.

How Does it Work?

Margin Pledge enables traders to use their existing stock holdings as security for obtaining additional funds, referred to as ‘collateral margin’. Traders pledge their stocks to a brokerage firm or financial institution, which in turn provides them with collateral margin based on the value of the pledged securities. This collateral margin can then be used by traders to acquire new positions in the stock market, such as intraday trading, futures & options (selling/writing only), and delivery trades via Margin Trading Facility (MTF), commonly known as eMargin.

The pledged stocks act as security for the borrowed funds, assuring the lender. As traders execute trades and generate profits or losses, the value of the pledged securities may fluctuate, impacting the available collateral margin. Traders must maintain a certain level of collateralisation to ensure the security of the loan and avoid potential margin calls.

Example of Margin Pledge

Let’s say you have a bullish outlook on the pharmaceutical sector following positive news about a breakthrough drug. You decide to capitalise on this by selling 30 lots of Sun Pharma 700 call options (CE) trading at a premium of ₹25.

Options Trading with and without Margin Pledge

Position

  • Available capital (self): Rs. 15,00,000
  • Funding availed under Margin Pledge (margin received against stocks pledged worth Rs. 20 lakhs after deducting 15% haircut): Rs. 17,00,000
  • Total trading capital: Rs. 32,00,000

Lots that can be traded as per total trading capital

  • With Margin Pledge: 30 lots
  • Without Margin Pledge: 15 lots

Profit (assuming option premium becomes 0 on expiry)

  • With Margin Pledge: Rs. 7,49,700
  • Without Margin Pledge: Rs. 3,74,850

Interest paid on margin availed (assuming the position is held for 25 days)

  • With Margin Pledge: Rs. 12,850
  • Without Margin Pledge: –

Take-home profit

  • With Margin Pledge: Rs. 7,36,850
  • Without Margin Pledge: Rs. 3,74,850

Return on available capital (self)

  • With Margin Pledge: 49%
  • Without Margin Pledge: 25%

In this scenario, by using Margin Pledge, you were able to significantly increase your profits from 25% to an impressive 49%, making your investment strategy more attractive and efficient.

Benefits of Margin Pledge

  • Increased Purchasing Power: It allows investors to enhance their purchasing power by borrowing funds against the stocks held in their demat account. This enables them to execute transactions even when their trading account lacks sufficient funds.

  • Convenient Electronic Process: One of the significant advantages is the convenience of completing the process electronically. Investors can easily approve the margin request from their stockbroker by entering a One-Time Password (OTP) received on their registered mobile number and email ID.

  • Quick Access to Funds: It provides investors with a swift and easy method to access funds. Unlike traditional borrowing methods, there’s no need for extensive documentation or waiting for lengthy approval processes. Funds can be accessed promptly to capitalise on investment opportunities with minimal Margin Pledge charges.

  • Security Against Default: It serves as a security measure for both investors and stockbrokers. In the event of default in loan repayment, the pledged securities act as collateral. Stockbrokers can invoke the pledge and retrieve the securities, mitigating their risk of financial loss. This provides assurance to both parties involved in the transaction.

Difference Between Margin Pledge and MTF Pledge

Margin Pledge and MTF (Margin Trading Facility) Pledge are two distinct methods of using securities for trading purposes, each with its own set of characteristics and benefits. Here’s a breakdown of the key differences between the two:

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Conclusion

Margin Pledge emerges as a valuable asset for traders, offering enhanced flexibility, increased purchasing power, and simplified access to funds. By using existing securities, traders can seize new opportunities in the stock market and diversify their investment portfolios. The convenience of this facility, coupled with its ability to mitigate financial risks, makes it a compelling choice for investors seeking to optimise their trading strategies.



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