Pennant Chart Pattern - Meaning, Types & Strategies | Religare Broking

Understanding the Pennant Chart Pattern in Technical Analysis

Traders use the Pennant chart pattern to anticipate future price movements and make informed trading decisions. While it may seem complex to the untrained eye, understanding the basics of this chart pattern can provide valuable insights into market trends. This guide will dive into the details of the pennant chart pattern, its characteristics, and how it can be applied in different financial markets.

What is a Pennant Chart Pattern?

The pennant chart pattern, commonly referred to as the pennant pattern or pennant pattern trading, is a continuation pattern frequently observed in the price charts of securities. It is characterised by a significant price movement and a consolidation period that takes the shape of a small symmetrical triangle. 

This consolidation phase reflects a temporary pause or indecision in the market before the price eventually breaks in the same direction as the initial movement. Traders consider the pennant pattern a reliable indication that the previous trend will likely resume, making it a valuable tool in technical analysis .

Types of Pennants Pattern

Bullish and bearish pennants are the two main types of pennant patterns commonly observed in technical analysis. Bullish pennants typically form after a sharp upward movement in price, creating a small symmetrical triangle pattern during the consolidation phase. 

This pattern suggests the buyers are taking a breather before resuming the uptrend. On the other hand, bearish pennants are observed following a significant downward trend, with the price forming a small symmetrical triangle during the consolidation period. 

This pattern indicates that sellers are temporarily pausing before continuing the downtrend. Traders use these patterns to predict the continuation of the respective trends, enabling them to anticipate future price movements and make informed trading decisions. 

While pennant patterns can provide valuable insights into market behaviour, they should be used with other technical indicators and analysis techniques to enhance accuracy and reliability in trading strategies.

How to Trade Bullish and Bearish Pennants?

When trading bullish and bearish pennant patterns, it is essential to delve deeper into the nuances of these formations to enhance your trading strategy effectively. Here are several in-depth pointers to guide you through the process:

Understanding Bullish Pennants

  1. Identification: First, identify a bullish pennant pattern within an existing uptrend. This pattern resembles a small symmetrical triangle that forms after a sharp price movement, representing a brief consolidation.

  2. Breakout Confirmation: The critical moment comes when the price action breaks above the upper boundary of the pennant. This breakout  is a strong signal suggesting the potential continuation of the prior uptrend.

  3. Entry Point: Consider initiating a buy position when the price moves above the pennant’s upper boundary. This strategy leverages the momentum expected from the continuation of the uptrend.

  4. Volume Confirmation: An increase in trading volume accompanying the breakout can serve as additional confirmation of the pattern’s strength and the likelihood of the uptrend continuing.

Understanding Bearish Pennants

  1. Identification: Similar to bullish pennants but in reverse, bearish pennants occur during a downtrend. The pattern forms following a sharp price decline, leading to a brief period of consolidation.

  2. Breakout Confirmation: A bearish pennant’s confirmation comes when the price drops below the lower boundary of the pennant. This movement suggests that the existing downtrend is likely to continue.

  3. Entry Point: Consider selling or short-selling the asset upon witnessing a price drop below the pennant’s lower boundary. This position anticipates benefiting from the continuation of the downtrend.

  4. Volume Confirmation: As with bullish pennants, an accompanying increase in volume during the breakout can confirm the bearish pennant pattern’s validity and the potential for the downtrend to persist.

Pennant Pattern Characteristics

Pennant patterns are commonly observed chart patterns in technical analysis, indicating a brief pause or consolidation in price movements before continuing the previous trend. 

One of the key characteristics of a pennant pattern is the formation of converging trend lines, which create a symmetrical triangle shape. This consolidation phase is accompanied by decreasing trading volume , indicating a decrease in market participation and a temporary balance between buyers and sellers. 

However, when the price eventually breaks out of the pattern, there is often a sudden spike in volume, indicating market participants’ renewed interest and conviction. 

Note that pennant patterns are typically of short duration, lasting anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. By recognising these characteristics of pennant patterns, traders can effectively identify potential breakout opportunities and make informed trading decisions using this popular chart pattern.

How Can I Spot a Pennant Formation?

When trying to spot a pennant formation, there are several visual cues that traders can look for. 

Firstly, a pennant pattern is often preceded by a sharp and significant price movement, known as a flagpole. This flagpole can indicate strong buying or selling pressure in the market. 

Following the flagpole, the price is consolidated, where converging trend lines form. These trendlines create a triangular shape resembling a pennant, hence the pattern’s name. 

The trendlines should converge, indicating a decrease in price volatility and a temporary pause in the market. Further, traders should observe a noticeable decrease in trading volume during this consolidation period. Lower volume indicates reduced market participation and can further confirm the pattern. 

Recommended Read: What is a Hammer Candlestick Pattern?

By combining these visual cues, traders can identify potential pennant formations and prepare for a potential breakout once the price moves outside the pattern. Implementing this strategy can help traders make more informed decisions and take advantage of potential trading opportunities in the market.

How to Trade with Pennant Pattern Technical Analysis?

Trading with pennant patterns can be lucrative for traders looking to capitalise on short-term price movements. To effectively trade with pennant patterns, it is crucial to identify the pattern early through chart analysis. 

Traders should look for the converging trend lines that form a triangular shape resembling a pennant after a sharp flagpole-like price movement. By recognising the pattern early, traders can position themselves for potential profits.

However, exercise caution and wait for confirmation of the breakout. Increased trading volume during the breakout indicates stronger market participation and validates the potential price movement. Volume can provide valuable insights into the reliability of the pattern and help traders make more informed trading decisions.

Calculating potential profit targets is another essential aspect of trading with pennant patterns. Traders can measure the height of the preceding flagpole and project it from the breakout point to estimate the potential price target. This method estimates how far the price may move, allowing traders to set realistic profit goals.

Risk management is crucial in any trading strategy, including using pennant patterns. False breakouts can occur, leading to potential losses. To protect against false breakouts, traders can implement risk management techniques such as setting stop-loss orders at appropriate levels. These orders automatically trigger a sell order if the price moves against the expected breakout direction, limiting potential losses.

Formation of Pennant Patterns

The formation process of pennant patterns begins with an initial strong price movement, often called the flagpole. This flagpole represents a significant and rapid increase or decrease in price, creating a strong momentum in the market.

Following the flagpole, a period of consolidation occurs, with price action forming converging trendlines. This consolidation phase is characterised by decreasing volatility and a tightening range between the highs and lows of the price. The converging trend lines create a triangular shape resembling a pennant, which gives the pattern its name.

The final stage of the pennant pattern is the breakout. The breakout occurs when the price breaks through one of the converging trendlines, typically in the direction of the initial strong movement or flagpole. This breakout is often accompanied by increased trading volume, signalling increased market participation and confirming the potential for a significant price movement.

Difference Between Pennant Patterns and Triangle Patterns

Feature Pennant Patterns Symmetrical Triangle Patterns Ascending Triangle Patterns Descending Triangle Patterns

Small, a symmetrical shape resembling a pennant with converging trend lines that meet at an acute angle.

Symmetrical shape with two converging trend lines of similar slope, meeting at an apex.

Characterised by a flat upper trendline (resistance) and an ascending lower trendline (support).

Characterised by a flat lower trendline (support) and a descending upper trendline (resistance).


Short-term, typically forming over a period of 1 to 3 weeks.

Medium-term, usually developing over a few weeks to a few months.

Medium-term, often forming over a few weeks to a few months.

Medium-term, with formation typically spanning a few weeks to a few months.

Typical Volume Patterns

Volume diminishes as the pattern forms, with a significant increase in volume on the breakout.

Volume tends to decrease as the pattern develops, with a noticeable increase in volume upon breakout.

Volume decreases during the formation of the pattern, with an expected increase in volume on the breakout, especially through the resistance level.

Volume generally decreases as the pattern forms, with a breakout typically accompanied by increased volume, particularly through the support level.


A pennant chart pattern is a technical analysis tool to identify potential trend reversals or continuations in the stock market. Traders can use this pattern to decide when to buy or sell stocks based on their formation and other indicators. 

While it may not always be 100% accurate, understanding and recognising this pattern can greatly benefit traders in navigating the volatile stock market. With this knowledge, we hope you can utilise the pennant chart pattern to improve your trading strategy and succeed in the market.

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