Super Trend Indicator

The Supertrend Indicator, a powerful technical analysis tool, has the potential to revolutionise the way traders approach trading and identify market trends. However, with its rising popularity, it’s important to fully understand how the super trend indicator works and how it can be utilised effectively.

What is a Super Trend Indicator?

The Supertrend Indicator is a popular tool in technical analysis that helps traders identify market trends and potential entry or exit points. It is a trend-following indicator that uses price and volatility to generate signals. By plotting a line above or below the price chart, it indicates the prevailing trend in the market. When the line is green, it suggests an uptrend, while a red line indicates a downtrend.

The indicator is widely used because of its simplicity and effectiveness. It can be applied to any financial instrument and timeframe, making it versatile for various trading strategies. Traders can adjust it to the super trend indicators best settings based on their preferences and trading style.

The key parameters to consider are the period and multiplier. The period determines the number of periods used in the calculation, while the multiplier adjusts the indicator’s sensitivity.

How Does a Supertrend Indicator Work?

The operational mechanics of the indicator are relatively straightforward. It calculates the average true range (ATR) to determine the market’s volatility. The ATR is then multiplied by a predefined factor, known as the multiplier, which helps adjust the indicator’s sensitivity to price movements. The result is plotted as a line on the price chart.

To generate buy and sell signals, traders look for the crossover of the price with the super trend line. When the price crosses above the Supertrend line, it is considered a buy signal, indicating a potential uptrend in the market. Conversely, when the price crosses below the super trend line, it is a sell signal, suggesting a potential downtrend.

Supertrend Indicator Formula

The Supertrend Indicator formula incorporates two main components: the average true range (ATR) and a multiplier. The ATR measures market volatility by calculating the average range between high and low prices over a specified period.

It provides insight into the level of market activity and helps determine the indicator’s sensitivity to price fluctuations. The multiplier is a predefined factor that adjusts the Supertrend line based on the desired level of responsiveness.

By multiplying the ATR by the multiplier, the indicator captures changes in volatility and adapts to different market conditions. This formula allows traders to identify potential buy and sell signals when the price crosses above or below the Supertrend line, indicating shifts in market trends.

Experimenting with different settings for the super trend indicator can help optimise its performance according to individual trading strategies and risk tolerance.

Calculating the Supertrend Indicator

To calculate the Supertrend Indicator, follow these step-by-step instructions. First, determine the indicator’s desired period, typically 7 or 14 days, but can be adjusted based on individual preferences.

Next, calculate the average true range (ATR) for the specified period by finding the average range between the high and low prices. This can be done by summing the true ranges for each day and dividing it by the number of periods.

Once the ATR is obtained, multiply it by a predefined multiplier, such as 2 or 3, to adjust the Supertrend line’s sensitivity to price fluctuations. The resulting value is the upper and lower bands of the super trend indicator. For example, let’s consider a scenario in the Indian stock market using 14 days and a multiplier of 3. After calculating the ATR and multiplying it by 3, we determine the upper and lower bands, which act as dynamic support and resistance levels when determining buy and sell signals.

By understanding the step-by-step process and experimenting with different settings for the Supertrend Indicator, traders can optimise its performance and adapt it to their trading strategies and risk tolerance.

Why is the Supertrend Indicator Important?

The Supertrend Indicator is a valuable tool for traders because –

  1. Identifying Trend Direction: The indicator assists traders in identifying the prevailing trend in the market, whether it’s bullish or bearish, by analysing price action and volatility.

  2. Clear Buy and Sell Signals: It generates clear buy and sell signals, indicating optimal trade entry and exit points based on the identified trend direction. This reduces guesswork and improves trade accuracy.

  3. Assisting Risk Management: The indicator provides dynamic support and resistance levels through its upper and lower bands. Traders can use these levels to set stop-loss orders and manage risk effectively.

  4. Maximising Profit Potential: By providing clear trend direction, buy and sell signals, and aiding risk management, it helps traders make informed decisions that can maximise profit potential in the market.

Advantages And Disadvantages of Supertrend Indicator


  1. Trend Identification: Excellently identifies market trends, helping traders trade in line with the current market direction and thus increasing their chances of success.

  2. Clear Signals: Generates precise buy and sell signals, reducing ambiguity and improving trade accuracy.

  3. Risk Management: Offers dynamic support and resistance levels for setting stop-loss orders, aiding capital protection.


  1. Lagging Nature: As a technical indicator, it relies on historical data, which may cause delays in capturing market shifts and potentially miss opportunities.

  2. False Signals: Despite reliability, it can sometimes produce incorrect signals, necessitating caution and further analysis before trading.

  3. Market Volatility Challenges: Struggles with accuracy during volatile market conditions can lead to loss-inducing whipsaw signals.

Aspect Advantages Disadvantages
Signal Clarity

Provides clear buy and sell signals, simplifying trading decisions.

May generate false signals in a highly volatile or sideways market.

Trend Identification

Effectively identifies the current market trend, helping traders align their positions accordingly.

Can lag in fast-moving markets, leading to delayed entry or exit points.


Easy to use and interpret, suitable for both beginners and experienced traders.

Over-reliance on the indicator without considering other factors can lead to suboptimal trading decisions.

Risk Management

Aids in setting stop loss and take profit levels, improving risk management.

Not infallible; stop loss levels may sometimes result in premature exits from profitable trades.

What are popular Supertrend Indicator Strategies?

Popular Supertrend Indicator strategies leverage the power of this technical analysis tool for effective trading. Some of the strategies are –

  • Trend Following Strategy: Traders utilise the indicator to identify the prevailing trend direction and enter trades aligned with this trend. By waiting for confirmed trend signals, traders aim to capture most of a trend’s movement, maximising profits.

  • Confirmation with Other Indicators: This strategy is often enhanced by using other indicators or chart patterns to confirm the trend identified by the super trend indicator, increasing the reliability of trade entries and exits.

  • Reversal Trading Strategy: Traders take trades based on signals from the Supertrend Indicator indicating potential trend reversals. They look for instances where the market has reached an extreme, signalled by a change in the indicator’s direction.

  • Capitalising on Market Reversals: Reversal trading aims to profit from market reversals and potential price corrections or trend changes identified by the super trend indicator, allowing traders to enter trades at optimal reversal points.

Additionally Read: What are Reversal Candlestick Patterns?

  • Combination of Strategies: Some traders combine trend-following and reversal strategies based on market conditions and personal preferences. This approach allows for flexibility in trading decisions and can optimise profitability in various market environments.

  • Adaptation to Trading Style: Traders adjust for the Supertrend Indicator best setting to suit their trading style and preferences, optimising trade decisions for increased profitability and risk management.

Limitations of the Supertrend Indicator

While the Supertrend Indicator can be a valuable tool in technical analysis, it is important to know its limitations.

  1. Challenge in Sideways/Ranging Markets: The super trend indicator performance can be hindered in markets lacking a clear trend direction. It may generate false signals or erratic results, leading to potential losses for traders who rely solely on it during sideways or ranging market conditions.

  2. Whipsaws: Traders may experience frequent whipsaws, where the indicator produces signals that result in trades being stopped or entering prematurely due to the lack of a sustained trend in the market.

  3. Subjectivity in Parameter Selection: Traders may face difficulty in selecting the most suitable parameters, as there is no universally optimal setting. This subjectivity adds complexity to using the indicator effectively and increases the importance of testing and refining chosen settings.


Like any technical indicator, use the Supertrend with other analyses, not solely on its signals. With proper understanding and application, the supertrend can be a valuable asset in a trader’s toolkit. Continue learning and staying updated on the latest trends and techniques in the ever-changing trading world.

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