What is SIP (Systematic Investment Plan)?

Securing one’s financial future has never been so systematic and accessible. Enter SIP Investment, where we navigate the systematic investment plan pathway, enabling you to steadily build wealth.

In the modern financial landscape, where the market is both a sea of opportunities and a zone of volatility, SIP emerges as a balanced, disciplined, and strategic approach towards investment.

What is SIP Investment?

SIP Investment, or a Systematic Investment Plan, is one of the most prudent approaches to investing in mutual funds, allowing investors to contribute a fixed amount periodically – monthly, quarterly, or annually – instead of a lump sum amount. This method teaches a disciplined investing habit and manoeuvres through the market’s inherent volatility by spreading the investment across different periods and market phases.

Delving deeper into what a SIP investment plan is, it operates on the principle of regularity, facilitating investors to buy units of a particular mutual fund scheme, irrespective of its price level. Here, it’s pivotal to acknowledge that SIP is not a product but a method of investing which harnesses the power of compounding and rupee-cost averaging to accumulate wealth over the long term.

But how does SIP work? This is an intriguing question that resonates with many. It works on a straightforward principle: you commit a fixed amount of money at regular intervals towards purchasing units of a selected mutual fund. When the market drops, your fixed investment buys more units; when it soars, it fetches fewer units. This strategy nullifies the need to time the market, mitigating risks and averaging the cost of purchasing in the long run.

Examining the types of SIP investment, we observe that they can be categorised mainly into four types: regular SIP, flexible SIP, perpetual SIP, and trigger SIP. Each type is designed to cater to the investors’ varied needs and financial goals, allowing them to choose a plan that aligns with their investment strategy and risk appetite.

Recommended Read:Mutual fund SIPs vs SIP on individual stocks

And the journey doesn’t stop at understanding its operation and types. Recognising the benefits of SIP investment becomes imperative to appreciate its significance in an investor’s portfolio. The SIP investment cushions against market volatility and facilitates compounding, which essentially means earning interest on the already-earned interest.

Furthermore, it enables investors to start with a modest amount, making it accessible to a wider audience and ensuring that high-quality investment avenues are not just the forte of the affluent. As we discuss SIP investments, the inevitable question arises: how to invest in SIP effectively? The key lies in understanding your financial objectives, risk appetite, and investment horizon.

Engage in thorough research, or consult with a financial advisor to select an SIP that resonates with your financial goals and embark on a journey towards a secure financial future. In SIP investment, information and strategy are crucial. With careful planning, disciplined investment, and a dash of patience, SIP unfolds as a pathway, steering your financial journey towards stability and prosperity in the investment world.

How does SIP work?

A Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is a disciplined methodology that enables investors to allocate a specified amount into a selected mutual fund scheme regularly—commonly monthly.

However, other frequencies, such as weekly or quarterly, are also available. The distinctive feature of SIP lies in its ability to average out the investment cost, with more units being purchased when prices are low and fewer units when prices surge, through a mechanism known as rupee cost averaging.

The consistency in investment mitigates the impact of market volatility. It ensures that investors benefit from the compounding effect, which is pivotal in wealth accumulation over an extended period.

Types of Systematic Investment Plans

  • Regular SIP

    The most prevalent form, regular SIP, involves a fixed, predetermined investment at regular intervals, ensuring a disciplined and systematic approach to investing without the stress of market timing.

  • Flexible SIP

    For investors seeking a balance between disciplined and opportunistic investing, flexible SIP emerges as a viable option. It allows investors to alter the investment amount based on market conditions, enabling them to invest more during market lows and vice versa.

  • Recommended Read: Things you must remember before starting sip

  • Perpetual SIP

    Perpetual SIP does not bind the investor with a specific investment horizon. While the SIP is active until a specified date, investors can continue beyond it, providing a flexible time frame for investment.

  • Trigger SIP

    Designed for investors who wish to capitalise on specific market events, trigger SIP permits them to set predefined conditions, such as NAV or index level, which, when met, automatically triggers the investment or redemption from the fund.

Each type of SIP investment is constructed to accommodate varied investment philosophies and objectives. Choosing the appropriate type necessitates a thorough understanding of one’s financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon, ensuring that the selected SIP is aligned with the overarching financial strategy.

Benefits of SIP Investing

Embracing SIP investing unfolds many benefits, paving the way towards disciplined, structured, and resilient financial planning.

  • Disciplined Investment Approach

    SIP instills a systematic investment regimen, mitigating the need to time the market and fostering a disciplined approach towards wealth accumulation without burdening the investor’s financial structure.

  • Rupee Cost Averaging

    SIP diminishes the detrimental impacts of market fluctuations by employing the technique of rupee cost averaging. Investing a fixed sum regularly ensures the acquisition of more units during a market slump and fewer during a surge, averaging out the cost in the long run.

  • Power of Compounding

    The benefits of SIP investment are further amplified by compounding, where the returns generated from the investment are reinvested, creating a cycle of earning returns on returns, maximising wealth over a sustained investment period.

  • Flexible Investment Options

    SIP accommodates varied financial capabilities by offering flexibility in investment amounts, ensuring that robust investment options are accessible to a wide range of investors and not limited to those with substantial capital.

  • Mitigating Risks

    By spreading the investment across different time intervals and market phases, SIP mitigates risks associated with market volatility, safeguarding the investment from short-term market upheavals.

  • Goal-Oriented Investment

    SIP facilitates goal-oriented investment strategies, allowing investors to align their investment with specific financial objectives, such as retirement planning, purchasing a home, or securing their children’s future, providing a structured pathway to achieving them.


The logic behind SIP investing transcends beyond mere wealth accumulation, embedding itself as a systematic tool that aligns with varied financial objectives and risk profiles.

By diluting the perils of market volatility through rupee cost averaging and harnessing the potency of compounding, SIP not only paves the way towards sustained wealth creation but also engrains disciplined financial behaviour amongst investors.

Open a Demat & Trading Account