Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) - Meaning & Benefits | Religare Broking

Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): A Smart Tax-Saving Investment

ELSS, known by its acronym ELSS full form – Equity Linked Saving Scheme, presents a dual advantage for investors – tax savings and wealth growth. This investment vehicle combines market-linked returns with tax efficiency.

What is ELSS?

When discussing what an is ELSS is, it’s vital to grasp their core characteristics. The Equity Linked Saving Scheme is a mutual fund primarily focusing on equity investments . These schemes are particularly popular in India due to their dual benefits – offering the potential for high returns typical of equity markets, coupled with tax-saving advantages.

An Equity Linked Saving Scheme stands out among investment options for its distinct tax benefits. Investors can avail themselves of tax deductions under Section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act.

This feature allows an individual to reduce their taxable income by the amount invested in the ELSS up to a certain limit, thereby lowering their tax liability. The combination of market-linked returns and tax savings makes ELSS an attractive choice for investors seeking to optimise their financial portfolios.

Moreover, ELSS funds invest in a diversified portfolio of equities, including large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks . This diversification enhances the potential for higher returns and spreads the risk associated with equity investments. The lock-in period of three years for ELSS, which is relatively shorter compared to other tax-saving instruments, adds to its appeal by offering a balance between liquidity and disciplined long-term investing.


The Equity-Linked Savings Scheme encapsulates a wide range of features. A key characteristic of ELSS is the lock-in period, which is set at three years.

This is notably of shorter duration than other tax-saving investments in India, striking a balance between accessibility and disciplined investment.

ELSS funds predominantly invest in equity and equity-related instruments, ensuring exposure to the growth potential of the stock market .

Additionally, the tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act enhance their appeal, allowing deductions on investments made in these funds. Another vital aspect is the availability of the ELSS calculator.

This tool helps investors estimate returns and tax savings, making financial planning more precise and informed. This calculator considers factors such as the invested amount, expected return rate, and investment duration, offering a comprehensive view of potential gains.

The diversified nature of ELSS portfolios, encompassing a wide range of industries and sectors, further mitigates risk, making them a robust investment option for those looking to combine market exposure with tax efficiency.


The benefits of investing in an Equity-Linked Savings Scheme are multi-fold, aligning with the broader ELSS meaning of offering both financial growth and tax advantages. The most prominent benefit is the tax deduction under Section 80C, which can significantly lower an investor’s taxable income.

This aspect not only serves as an incentive to save but also enhances the overall returns on investment by reducing tax liability. In terms of returns, ELSS funds have the potential to deliver higher gains compared to traditional tax-saving instruments, given their equity market exposure.

While ensuring a degree of fund stability, the three-year lock-in period is shorter than many other tax-saving alternatives, providing relatively quicker access to invested capital. This feature particularly benefits investors seeking a balance between long-term growth and liquidity.

Moreover, the ELSS allows investors, especially those new to the stock market, to participate in equities without actively managing their investments, as experienced professionals manage the fund.

Finally, the ELSS is an excellent gateway for systematic and disciplined investing, especially for those opting for Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs), fostering a habit of regular saving and investment, which is crucial for long-term wealth accumulation.

How to Choose ELSS Mutual Funds?

Choosing the right ELSS mutual funds is critical for investors. Given their unique nature, one must consider several factors to ensure they align with their financial goals and risk tolerance.

Recommended Read: Risk Capacity and Risk Tolerance

Firstly, evaluating the fund’s past performance is essential, although it is not an indicator of future returns. This involves examining how the fund has performed across different market cycles, particularly during market downturns. The fund manager’s expertise and track record in managing the fund are also pivotal, as their decisions greatly impact the fund’s performance.

Understanding the fund’s investment strategy is another key aspect. Some ELSS funds might be more aggressive, investing heavily in small-cap or mid-cap stocks. In contrast, others might be more conservative, focusing on large-cap or dividend-yielding stocks. The investment style should match the investor’s risk appetite. Additionally, the expense ratio, which is the annual fee charged by the fund, needs to be considered. A lower expense ratio translates to higher net returns for the investor.

Investors should also use tools like an ELSS calculator to estimate potential returns and understand the tax benefits. The calculator can provide insights into the long-term wealth creation potential of the ELSS fund, factoring in the lock-in period and expected rate of return.

Investing in ELSS

Investing in ELSS involves more than just seeking tax benefits; it’s about understanding the ELSS meaning and its role in one’s financial portfolio. ELSS allows investors to tap into the growth potential of the equity market while enjoying tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Investing in ELSS should align with one’s financial goals, investment horizon, and risk tolerance.

Given the mandatory lock-in period of three years, which is relatively shorter than other tax-saving instruments, ELSS investments should be viewed with a medium to long-term perspective. This time frame aligns well with the nature of equity investments, which typically yield better returns over longer periods. Investors can choose to make a lump sum investment or opt for the more disciplined approach of a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP).

SIPs are particularly beneficial as they teach a habit of regular saving and reduce market timing risk.

Moreover, using an ELSS calculator can be a prudent step in planning one’s investment in ELSS. It helps in estimating the returns and understanding the impact of the investment on one’s tax liabilities. Ultimately, while the tax-saving aspect of ELSS is a significant draw, investors should also focus on the scheme’s potential to contribute to their overall wealth-creation objectives.


When considering an investment in ELSS funds, several key factors play a crucial role in decision-making.

The first factor to consider is the investor’s risk appetite. Since ELSS funds are linked to the equity market, they carry a higher risk than traditional tax-saving instruments. Therefore, understanding one’s comfort level with market volatility is essential. Another important aspect is aligning the investment with the investor’s financial goals.

With its lock-in period and potential for high returns, ELSS can be an excellent tool for medium to long-term financial planning, such as saving for retirement or accumulating wealth for major life events.

Market conditions also influence the performance of ELSS funds. Keeping abreast of market trends and economic indicators can help make informed decisions. Additionally, the timing of the investment is crucial. While SIPs mitigate the market timing risk, investors making lump sum investments must be more cautious. The fund’s performance history and manager’s expertise are other vital considerations.

A fund with a consistent track record managed by a seasoned fund manager can be a more reliable choice. Lastly, understanding the tax implications, including how ELSS fits into one’s overall tax planning, is important. Utilising tools like an ELSS calculator can aid in this process, providing a clearer picture of the potential tax benefits and overall returns.

List of ELSS Funds

Reviewing a curated list of well-performing ELSS funds can be an informative starting point for those beginning their journey into ELSS investments or even seasoned investors looking to diversify.

Such a list typically includes details like the fund’s past return rates, which give an idea of the growth the fund has experienced over a specific period. Also, understanding the risk level associated with each fund helps align one’s investment with risk tolerance.

Moreover, considering the credentials and track record of the fund manager is equally important. A fund manager’s expertise in picking the right stocks, timing the market, and managing the portfolio through varying market conditions plays a significant role in the fund’s overall performance.

Fund Name 3-Year Return (%) – Approx Risk Level

HDFC Tax Saver Fund


Moderately High

Axis Long-Term Equity Fund


Moderately High

DSP Tax Saver Fund



ICICI Prudential Long-Term



ABSL Tax Relief 96


Moderate to High



ELSS stands out as a savvy choice for investors seeking to balance tax savings with the growth potential of equity investment. It’s not just an investment tool but a strategic element in one’s financial planning. Whether you’re a seasoned investor or a beginner, considering ELSS in your portfolio can offer significant advantages, particularly when optimising your tax liabilities and aiming for long-term wealth accumulation.

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