BSE Mid-Cap - Meaning, Index & How to Calculate | Religare Broking

BSE Mid-Cap – Everything to Know!

BSE Midcap represents a segment within the Bombay Stock Exchange that focuses on a specific range of companies, occupying a middle ground between large-cap and small-cap entities. While many of us are familiar with the BSE Sensex and the Nifty 50, the spotlight is increasingly shining on the BSE Midcap.

In these exciting times, as India’s economy surges forward and the stock market scales new heights, the midcap segment is turning heads. It’s becoming an attractive option for investors aiming to add variety to their investment portfolios.

We’re here to walk you through the BSE Midcap to give you a clear and detailed picture of what it’s all about. We’ll dive into its characteristics, how it’s been performing, and the kind of potential it holds for investors.

What is BSE?

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is one of the oldest and most prominent stock exchanges in India. Established in 1875, it is situated in Mumbai (formerly Bombay) and provides a platform for trading various financial instruments such as stocks, derivatives, mutual funds, and more.

The BSE plays a crucial role in the Indian financial market and is an essential avenue for companies to raise capital through issuing stocks and for investors to buy or sell securities. It operates using an electronic trading system and has a significant impact on the Indian economy and financial sector.

On the other hand, the BSE Midcap index is a benchmark index of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) that tracks the performance of mid-sized companies listed on the exchange. It is considered a reliable indicator of the overall performance of mid-cap stocks in the Indian stock market .

What is Midcap?

Midcap refers to companies with a medium market capitalisation , falling between large-cap and small-cap companies. The BSE Midcap index, maintained by the Bombay Stock Exchange, provides investors and traders with a comprehensive gauge of the performance of these mid-sized companies in the Indian stock market.

Midcap stocks offer unique advantages for investors seeking growth opportunities and diversification beyond large-cap stocks . Midcap companies often possess the potential for substantial growth, allowing investors to benefit from their success.

That said, investing in mid-cap stocks also comes with increased risks compared to large-cap stocks. Therefore, investors must carefully consider their risk tolerance and conduct thorough research before making investment decisions.

By tracking the BSE Mid-cap index and monitoring BSE midcap today and daily, investors can stay informed about market trends and make well-informed investment choices.

When was BSE Mid-cap Introduced?

The BSE Midcap index was introduced by the Bombay Stock Exchange in 2001, making it a relatively recent addition to the Indian stock market. Since its inception, it has been a valuable tool for investors looking to track the performance of mid-cap companies listed on the exchange.

The index has witnessed significant growth over the years, with inclusion criteria based on market capitalization and trading volume ensuring a diversified representation of various sectors. By monitoring the BSE midcap index today and staying informed about the BSE midcap share price, investors can gain valuable insights into the performance of mid-cap stocks and make well-informed investment decisions.

Understanding the historical details and significance of the BSE Midcap index is crucial for investors seeking to navigate the dynamic landscape of the Indian stock market.

BSE Mid-Cap – History, Meaning and Relevance

The BSE Mid-cap index has a rich history dating back to its inception in 2001. It was introduced by the Bombay Stock Exchange to provide investors with a benchmark for tracking the performance of mid-sized companies listed on the exchange.

The index includes a diversified range of sectors, such as finance, technology, healthcare, and manufacturing. The companies included in the BSE Midcap index are carefully selected based on their market capitalisation and trading volume.

The index is calculated using a free-float market capitalisation-weighted methodology, which ensures that the index reflects the true market value of the included companies. By regularly monitoring the BSE midcap index today and staying updated on the BSE midcap shares’ price, investors can gain valuable insights into the performance of midcap stocks and make informed investment decisions.

How are Stocks Selected for the BSE Mid-Cap Index?

The selection process for inclusion in the S&P BSE Mid-cap Index follows a step-by-step procedure to ensure transparency and accuracy.

  1. Firstly, the universe of eligible stocks is determined, which includes companies listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and meet certain liquidity criteria. The liquidity criteria include average daily traded value and market capitalisation. Stocks that do not meet these criteria are excluded from consideration.

  2. Once the eligible stocks are determined, the next step involves ranking the stocks based on their full-market capitalization, considering each company’s free float market capitalization. The top-ranked stocks are then selected for inclusion in the index.

  3. Furthermore, the index is reviewed periodically, and any changes in the composition are made based on certain guidelines. Stocks that no longer meet the eligibility criteria may be removed from the index. In contrast, new stocks that meet the criteria may be added. The frequency of these reviews ensures that the BSE Mid-cap Index stays updated and reflects the market conditions.

The step-by-step process of selecting stocks for the BSE Mid-cap Index ensures that it represents a diversified and reliable benchmark for tracking the performance of mid-cap companies listed on the BSE.

Recommended Read: What are Shares

Investors can utilise this index, along with monitoring the BSE midcap index today and staying updated on the BSE midcap share price, to gain insights and make informed investment decisions in the mid-cap segment of the Indian stock market.

How to Calculate Float-Adjusted Market Capitalisation?

Float-adjusted market capitalisation is a method used to estimate a company’s market value, reflecting only the shares available for public trading. It excludes closely held shares, like those held by company insiders and governments. This approach provides a more accurate representation of a company’s market value from an investor’s perspective.

The calculation involves two main steps:

  1. Determine the Total Market Capitalisation

    First, calculate the company’s total market capitalisation by multiplying the current stock price by the total number of outstanding shares.

  2. Adjust for the Float

    Then, determine the percentage of publicly available shares (the float) and adjust the total market capitalisation accordingly.

The formula for float-adjusted market capitalisation is:

Float-Adjusted Market Capitalisation=Total Market Capitalisation×Percentage of FloatFloat-Adjusted Market Capitalisation=Total Market Capitalisation×Percentage of Float

Step Description

Total Market Capitalisation Calculation

Current stock price × Total number of outstanding shares

Float Percentage Determination

Percentage of shares publicly available (excluding closely held shares)

Float-Adjusted Market Capitalisation Formula

Total Market Cap × Float Percentage

Criteria for Selecting Stocks

When it comes to selecting stocks, there are five important criteria that investors should consider:

  1. Analysing the financial health of the company is crucial. This involves examining key financial ratios such as revenue growth, profitability, and debt levels.

  2. Evaluating the company’s competitive advantage and industry position is essential. Understanding the company’s unique strengths and how it differentiates itself from competitors can provide insight into its potential for long-term success.

  3. Assessing the management team and their track record is important. A competent and experienced management team can greatly impact a company’s performance.

  4. Considering the valuation of the stock is necessary. This involves analysing factors such as price-to-earnings ratio , price-to-sales ratio, and other relevant valuation metrics to determine if the stock is undervalued or overvalued.

  5. Assessing the overall market conditions and macroeconomic factors is crucial.

Factors such as interest rates, inflation rates, and geopolitical events can impact the performance of stocks. Considering these five criteria, investors can make more informed decisions when selecting stocks in the BSE mid-cap index.

Difference Between BSE and Midcap

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and Midcap stocks represent different aspects of the stock market.

BSE is one of the oldest and largest stock exchanges in India. It lists many companies, including large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks . BSE provides a platform for trading in diverse securities, offering investors and companies wide market exposure.

Mid-cap stocks, on the other hand, refer to companies with a medium level of market capitalisation. They fall between large-cap and small-cap stocks in terms of company size and market value. Midcap stocks are known for balancing small-cap stocks’ growth potential and large-cap stocks’ stability.

The following table highlights the key differences:

Aspect BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) Midcap Stocks


A stock exchange platform.

A category of stocks.


Include large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks.

Only include companies with medium market cap.

Market Value

Hosts companies of varying market values.

Companies with moderate market value.

Investor Appeal

Attracts a wide range of investors and traders.

Appeals to those seeking a balance of growth and stability.


Stability depends on the type of listed stocks.

Generally more volatile than large-caps but less than small-caps.

Market Exposure

Broad exposure across all market segments.

Focused on a specific segment of the market.


The BSE midcap index provides investors with a diverse portfolio of mid-sized companies, offering higher returns and growth potential. Investors must thoroughly research and understand the companies within the index before making any investment decisions. With its strong track record and potential for growth, the BSE midcap index is certainly worth considering for those looking to diversify their investment portfolio.

However, consulting with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions is recommended.

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