SEBI - Securities and Exchange Board of India | Religare Broking

What is SEBI (Security and Exchange Board of India)?

SEBI, or the Securities and Exchange Board of India, is a pivotal institution in India’s financial market. As the primary regulatory body overseeing the securities market, it plays a central role in maintaining market integrity and safeguarding investor interests. Read on to learn more about it:- ULIP, or Unit Linked Insurance Plan, is a financial product blending insurance and investment. It offers policyholders the dual benefit of life coverage and the opportunity to invest in various funds. ULIPs allow individuals to grow wealth while safeguarding their future, making it a popular choice for long-term financial goals.

About SEBI

The Securities and Exchange Board of India, commonly known as SEBI is the apex regulatory body overseeing the securities and investment market in India. Its primary mandate is to safeguard the interests of investors and ensure the smooth functioning of India’s capital markets.

SEBI plays a multifaceted role, combining regulatory, developmental, and supervisory functions. It formulates policies and regulations that govern various market participants, including stock exchanges, brokers, mutual funds, and other intermediaries. These regulations are designed to foster transparency, fairness, and efficiency within the financial system, instilling investor confidence.

One of SEBI’s key responsibilities is to regulate the issuance of securities, ensuring that companies looking to raise capital through public offerings adhere to stringent disclosure norms. By imposing strict compliance standards, Securities and Exchange Board of India aims to provide investors with accurate and timely information, empowering them to make informed investment decisions.

SEBI also oversees the functioning of stock exchanges, setting rules for trading, clearing, and settlement processes. It continuously monitors market activities to detect and prevent fraudulent or manipulative practices, thereby maintaining market integrity.

Moreover, the Securities and Exchange Board of India has taken significant strides in investor education and awareness. It conducts various awareness programs, workshops, and seminars to enhance financial literacy and empower investors with knowledge about market dynamics and risks

Additionally, SEBI acts as a catalyst for market development by introducing innovative financial instruments and trading mechanisms. It promotes technological advancements and market infrastructure enhancements to ensure that India’s capital markets remain competitive on a global scale.

Overall, SEBI’s vigilant oversight and proactive regulatory measures contribute significantly to the stability, integrity, and growth of India’s securities market, making it an indispensable force in the country’s financial landscape.


The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was established on April 12, 1992, as an autonomous regulatory body tasked with overseeing India’s securities and investment markets. Its formation was a pivotal milestone in the Indian financial landscape, aimed at enhancing transparency, investor protection, and market integrity.

Before SEBI’s establishment, the regulation of securities and stock exchanges in India was fragmented and lacked uniformity. The need for a centralized regulatory authority became apparent after a series of financial scams and market irregularities. Securities and Exchange Board of India was created to fill this void, and it derived its powers from the SEBI Act of 1992.

Over the years, SEBI has evolved to meet the dynamic demands of the financial sector. It has introduced numerous regulatory reforms and innovative measures to foster a robust and investor-friendly market environment. SEBI’s proactive stance in adapting to changing market dynamics has been instrumental in shaping India’s capital markets into one of the most vibrant and competitive in the world. Today, Securities and Exchange Board of India stands as a cornerstone of India’s financial regulatory framework, playing a crucial role in ensuring the stability and growth of the securities market.

Organizational Structure of SEBI

SEBI, as the paramount regulatory authority governing India’s financial markets, maintains a meticulously structured hierarchy to ensure the seamless operation of its mandate. At the apex is the Chairman, serving as the distinguished leader and public face of Securities and Exchange Board of India. The Chairman collaborates with appointed Members, individuals of strategic selection by the central government, integral in shaping SEBI’s trajectory and decisions. Directly beneath, Executive Directors hold the reins in distinct departments, guaranteeing the precise execution of SEBI’s directives. Meanwhile, General Managers, overseeing day-to-day operations, diligently ensure tasks align harmoniously with SEBI’s overarching objectives, reporting directly to the Executive Directors.

In a nutshell

  • Chairman: Acts as the distinguished figurehead and representative of Securities and Exchange Board of India.

  • Members: Appointed by the central government, they contribute significantly to policy formation and pivotal decisions.

  • Executive Directors: Entrusted with the oversight of specific departments, they uphold operational efficiency and directly report to the Chairman.

  • General Managers: Supervise various daily operations, ensuring alignment with SEBI’s broader strategic goals, and are accountable to the Executive Directors.

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The Role of SEBI

SEBI’s responsibilities encompass a wide range of activities, including:

1. Market Regulation

SEBI monitors and regulates the functioning of stock exchanges, ensuring that trading and listing norms are adhered to and market operations are conducted fairly and efficiently.

SEBI aims to protect the interests of investors by enforcing stringent disclosure norms, promoting transparency, and taking action against fraudulent and manipulative practices.

2. Investor Protection:

SEBI aims to protect the interests of investors by enforcing stringent disclosure norms, promoting transparency, and taking action against fraudulent and manipulative practices.

3. Issuer Regulation

Securities and Exchange Board of India regulates companies looking to raise capital through public offerings, ensuring that they provide accurate and timely information to the public and comply with listing requirements.

4. Mutual Fund Oversight

SEBI regulates and supervises mutual funds and other asset management activities, safeguarding the interests of investors in these financial products.

5. Enforcement

SEBI investigates and takes enforcement actions against entities that violate securities laws and regulations, ensuring market integrity and fairness.
SEBI’s role is crucial in maintaining market integrity, investor confidence, and the orderly functioning of India’s financial markets. It continually adapts to changing market dynamics, making it an indispensable part of the country’s financial regulatory framework.

Functions and Powers of SEBI

Securities and Exchange Board of India, as the linchpin of India’s financial market, wields substantial authority and pivotal functions. It governs stock exchanges and exercises the prerogative to sanction their by-laws. It operates as a vigilant overseer, registering and supervising intermediaries, with rightful access to their financial records, ensuring compliance and deterring any irregularities. In addition to its supervisory role, SEBI assumes a mentoring position, imparting knowledge to investors, analogous to a teacher guiding students.

Moreover, it upholds equity and transparency in the market by diligent surveillance of insider trading activities and possesses the authority to levy charges as necessary. These functions are entrenched in the SEBI Act of 1992, the foundational document that empowers its operations. This act serves as a regulatory compass, within which Securities and Exchange Board of India formulates guidelines, ensuring uniform adherence to standardized rules across the market. In essence, SEBI’s role is one of critical significance, ensuring the integrity, stability, and equitable operation of India’s financial landscape.

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SEBI Act and Guidelines

The SEBI Act of 1992 empowers it, giving it legal authority to oversee the market. Under this act, SEBI frames guidelines and regulations that market intermediaries must follow, ensuring everything operates under a standardized system.
The SEBI Act of 1992 stands as the foundational legislation governing India’s securities market. Enacted on April 12, 1992, it established the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) as the apex regulatory body. This act empowers SEBI to oversee and regulate the securities market, ensuring investor protection and market integrity. It grants SEBI authority to frame policies, investigate market infractions, and levy penalties for non-compliance.

SEBI’s guidelines encompass a diverse array of regulations and directives that govern various aspects of the securities market. Some fundamental Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines include those pertaining to disclosure and investor protection. These require companies to furnish accurate and timely information to investors, promoting transparency.

Additionally, SEBI guidelines cover takeover regulations, prescribing rules for acquisitions and takeovers of listed companies. Adherence to these directives is crucial for all market participants, as they collectively contribute to upholding a transparent, fair, and robust securities market in India.

Mutual Funds Guidelines of SEBI

In the world of investments, mutual funds are a popular choice for many, but how can an investor be sure that their money is in safe hands? That’s where SEBI steps in. Think of the Securities and Exchange Board of India as a diligent supervisor, ensuring everyone follows the best practices. One of their crucial roles is to lay down guidelines for mutual funds. Under Asset Management, SEBI keeps a close watch, ensuring that the collected funds are used efficiently and with full transparency. However, SEBI believes in empowering the investor as well. Through Investor Disclosures, it mandates that all potential risks and workings of the fund are clearly laid out, ensuring no unpleasant surprises for the investors. Lastly, in a world filled with flashy ads, SEBI also takes care of Marketing Practices, making sure that mutual fund promotions are honest, clear, and not misleading. In essence, SEBI’s guidelines act as a safety net, making sure mutual funds remain a trustworthy investment avenue.

Aspect of Mutual Fund

Guideline’s Focus

Asset Management

Ensuring that funds are managed properly, efficiently, and transparently.

Investor Disclosures

Making sure investors are fully informed about potential risks, returns, and fund operations.

Marketing Practices

Ensuring ethical and transparent promotional activities without misleading investors.

Important Rules of SEBI

SEBI, as the regulatory vanguard of India’s financial markets, enforces a set of pivotal rules to maintain market integrity and safeguard investor interests. One such cornerstone is the Prohibition of Insider Trading Regulations, 2015. This mandates that individuals privy to non-public, price-sensitive information must abstain from trading until such information is made public.

Additionally, the SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011, lays down the framework for substantial acquisitions and takeovers of listed companies. It necessitates an open offer to minority shareholders when a certain threshold of shares is acquired.

Furthermore, the SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015, mandates stringent disclosure norms for listed entities, ensuring transparent and timely dissemination of material information. Compliance with these regulations is imperative for listed companies to maintain market credibility and trust. Collectively, these rules constitute a robust regulatory framework that bolsters the credibility and fairness of India’s securities market.

Departments of SEBI

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) operates under a well-defined organizational structure that enables it to regulate and oversee the securities market in India effectively. The structure is designed to facilitate efficient decision-making, enforcement of regulations, and coordination of various functions.

Beneath the Board, SEBI is divided into several functional departments, each focusing on specific areas of regulation and oversight. These departments include Market Regulation, Investment Management, Corporation Finance, and Enforcement.

The Market Regulation Department is responsible for monitoring and regulating the functioning of stock exchanges, ensuring compliance with trading and listing norms, and overseeing market intermediaries.

The Investment Management Department oversees the regulation of mutual funds and other asset management activities. It formulates policies and guidelines to protect the interests of investors in these financial products.

The Corporation Finance Department is tasked with regulating issuers of securities, including companies looking to go public through Initial Public Offerings (IPOs). It enforces disclosure norms and ensures that companies provide accurate and timely information to the public.
The Enforcement Department plays a crucial role in investigating and taking enforcement actions against entities that violate securities laws and regulations. It conducts inquiries, imposes penalties, and initiates legal proceedings when necessary.

SEBI’s organizational structure promotes synergy among its various departments, allowing for a comprehensive approach to market regulation. This structure is pivotal in ensuring India’s securities market’s integrity, transparency, and stability.


SEBI stands as the pillar of India’s financial ecosystem, safeguarding its integrity and efficiency. Through its stringent regulations and persistent oversight, Securities and Exchange Board of India has fortified India’s securities market’s reputation, positioning it as a globally recognised and trusted financial arena.

Frequently Asked Questions

SEBI was set up in 1988 but got its full power in 1992. This was when it became a fully independent agency.

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