NIFTY Midcap 100: Comprehensive Guide and Analysis
NIFTY Midcap 100: Comprehensive Guide and Analysis
The stock market is often viewed as a complex and intimidating world, filled with jargon and constantly changing trends. However, certain indices provide a clearer understanding of the market’s performance and help investors make informed decisions.
One such index is the NIFTY Midcap 100, which tracks the performance of the top 100 mid-cap companies listed on India’s National Stock Exchange (NSE). Despite being overshadowed by the larger and more well-known indices like the NIFTY 50, the NIFTY Midcap 100 has gained significant attention in recent years due to its consistent growth and potential for high returns.
What is NIFTY Midcap 100?
The NIFTY Midcap 100 is a prominent stock market index in India that consists of the top 100 companies listed on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) in terms of market capitalization after excluding the NIFTY 50.
It serves as a benchmark for tracking the performance of mid-sized companies in various sectors of the Indian economy. These companies are typically more established than small-cap stocks but still exhibit growth potential.
The NIFTY Midcap 100 index gives investors a comprehensive view of the mid-cap segment, allowing them to gauge these stocks’ overall performance and trends.
It offers diversification opportunities beyond the large-cap stocks in the NIFTY 50, enabling investors to gain exposure to a broader range of industries.
How is NIFTY Midcap 100 Calculated?
To understand how the NIFTY Midcap 100 is calculated, delve into the details of its calculation methodology. The index follows a free-float market capitalisation-weighted methodology, which means that the weightage of each stock is determined by its free-float market capitalisation.
The free-float market capitalisation is calculated by multiplying the total number of shares outstanding by the market price of each share and then adjusting it based on the proportion of freely available shares for trading in the market.
To illustrate this with an example, let’s consider a hypothetical scenario.
Suppose there are three companies in the NIFTY Midcap 100 index – Company A, Company B, and Company C. The free-float market capitalisation of Company A is INR 1,000 crore, Company B is INR 750 crore, and Company C is INR 500 crore. The total free-float market capitalisation of these companies is INR 2,250 crore.
To calculate the weightage of each company in the index, we divide their respective free-float market capitalisation by the total free-float market capitalisation.
In this example, the weightage of Company A would be 44.44% (INR 1,000 crore divided by INR 2,250 crore), Company B would be 33.33% (INR 750 crore divided by INR 2,250 crore), and Company C would be 22.22% (INR 500 crore divided by INR 2,250 crore).
Beware that the composition of the NIFTY Midcap 100 index is reviewed semi-annually, in June and December, based on certain eligibility criteria such as liquidity, market capitalisation, and trading frequency. This ensures that the index remains representative of the mid-cap segment of the Indian stock market and reflects the changing dynamics of the market.
For a company to be eligible for inclusion in the NIFTY Midcap 100 index, it must meet certain criteria of utmost importance. These eligibility criteria are designed to ensure that the index consists of companies that are representative of the mid-cap segment of the market and possess certain key characteristics.
First and foremost, a company must have a minimum market capitalisation of INR 5,000 crore to be considered for inclusion in the NIFTY Midcap 100. This criterion ensures that the companies included in the index are of a certain size and have a significant presence in the market.
Secondly, the company must have a minimum listing history of 6 months on the stock exchange. This requirement ensures that the company has a track record of trading and provides sufficient data for analysis and evaluation.
Thirdly, the company must have a minimum public shareholding of 10%. This criterion highlights the importance of public participation and ensures adequate liquidity in the stock for investors.
Fourthly, the company must have a positive net worth. This criterion signifies the financial strength and stability of the company, ensuring that only financially sound companies are included in the index.
Lastly, the company must have a minimum trading frequency of 100% in the last six months. This criterion ensures that the company’s shares are actively traded in the market and have a reasonable level of liquidity.
Factors Affecting NIFTY Midcap 100
The performance of the NIFTY Midcap 100 index is influenced by various factors that play a crucial role in shaping the movement of the stocks within the index. Understanding these factors is essential for investors and traders to make informed decisions.
The overall market conditions, including economic indicators, interest rates, and investor sentiment, can heavily influence the performance of the NIFTY Midcap 100. Positive economic growth and favourable investor sentiment often lead to the upward movement of the index. In contrast, adverse economic conditions may result in a decline.
The performance of different sectors within the NIFTY Midcap 100 index can significantly impact its overall movement. When specific sectors outperform others, it can drive the index higher. Conversely, underperformance or negative news from certain sectors may lead to a decline in the index.
The financial performance of individual companies within the NIFTY Midcap 100 is a crucial factor affecting the index. Strong earnings growth, positive quarterly results, and improved profitability can attract investors and contribute to the upward movement of the index. On the other hand, disappointing earnings or financial instability of constituent companies can negatively impact the index.
Changes in government policies, regulations, and industry-specific rules can have a significant impact on the NIFTY Midcap 100. These changes can affect the operations, profitability, and growth prospects of companies within the index, leading to fluctuations in their stock prices and ultimately influencing the index’s performance.
Global Market Dynamics
The NIFTY Midcap 100 is not isolated from global market dynamics. Factors such as geopolitical events, international economic trends, and global market volatility can have spill-over effects on the index. Investors must stay informed about global developments and their potential impact on the index.
How to Invest in NIFTY Midcap 100?
Investing in the NIFTY Midcap 100 requires a systematic approach to maximise returns and minimise risks. Here is a step-by-step process to guide you through the investment process:
Research and Understand
Start by thoroughly researching and understanding the NIFTY Midcap 100 index. Familiarise yourself with its composition, including mid-sized companies not part of the NIFTY 50 index. Gain insights into the index’s historical performance, volatility , and potential risks.
Set Investment Goals
Clearly define your investment goals, whether long-term wealth creation or short-term gains. Assess your risk tolerance and investment horizon to determine the appropriate strategy for investing in the NIFTY Midcap 100.
Choose the Right Brokerage Firm
Select a reputable brokerage firm that offers access to the NIFTY Midcap 100 stocks. Look for low brokerage fees, advanced trading platforms, and reliable customer service.
Determine the appropriate allocation for investing in the NIFTY Midcap 100. Consider diversifying your portfolio to mitigate risks by including other asset classes like large-cap stocks , bonds, or mutual funds.
Monitor the Index
Keep a close eye on the NIFTY Midcap 100 index and stay updated with the latest market news and trends. Regularly monitor the performance of the index and the individual stocks within it.
Difference between NIFTY Midcap 100 and Midcap 150
The NIFTY Midcap 100 and Midcap 150 are two distinct indices in the Indian stock market , each with its specific focus and coverage.
NIFTY Midcap 100 encompasses the top 100 mid-sized companies based on full market capitalisation. This index represents midcap companies typically ranked 101 to 200 in market capitalisation within the NIFTY 500 Index. It is designed for investors interested in the growth potential of mid-sized companies.
A tabulated comparison for clarity:
NIFTY Midcap 100
NIFTY Midcap 150
Number of Companies
Includes top 100 mid-sized companies.
Includes top 150 mid-sized companies.
Represents companies ranked 101 to 200 in market capitalisation within NIFTY 500.
Represents companies ranked 101 to 250 in market capitalization within NIFTY 500.
Suitable for investors focusing on mid-sized companies’ growth potential.
Offers broader exposure to the midcap segment for diversified investment.
The NIFTY Midcap 100 index offers investors a diverse and balanced portfolio with exposure to mid-sized companies in the Indian stock market. Its performance has been consistently strong and is considered a reliable benchmark for midcap companies in India.