Secured Premium Notes

Secured premium notes are a popular investment instrument among savvy investors. For those just starting, it is important to understand what are secured premium notes and how they can benefit you in the investment landscape. This guide will delve into secured premium notes’ specifics, workings, features, and lock-in period.

What are Secured Premium Notes?

Secured premium notes are debt instruments backed by collateral, typically assets of the issuing company. They are designed to provide higher security to investors compared to unsecured notes. These notes promise a fixed return over a specified period, making them attractive to risk-averse investors.

The backing of tangible assets ensures that investors have a claim on the assets in case of default, reducing their risk significantly. Thus, secured premium notes offer a blend of safety and steady returns, making them a reliable investment option in the stock market.

How Secured Notes Work?

Understanding how secured notes work is crucial for any potential investor. When a company issues secured notes, it pledges specific assets as collateral to secure the debt. This means that if the company fails to meet its debt obligations, the investors have a legal claim to the collateral assets. This security feature makes these notes less risky compared to unsecured notes.

Investors receive regular interest payments and the principal amount upon maturity. The collateral backing also typically allows companies to offer these notes at lower interest rates than unsecured debt, making it a cost-effective way to raise capital.

Features of a Secured Premium Notes

Secured premium notes come with several distinctive features that make them appealing to investors:

  • Collateral Backing: These notes are secured by specific assets of the issuing company, providing an added layer of security. The assets can include real estate, equipment, or the company’s valuable properties. This collateral ensures that investors have a legal claim to these assets if the company fails to meet its financial obligations. This significantly reduces the investment risk, making these notes safer than unsecured ones.

  • Fixed Returns: Investors receive predetermined interest payments at regular intervals, usually semi-annually or annually. This fixed-income aspect is attractive to investors seeking a stable and predictable return on their investment. The interest rate is set at the time of issuance and does not change over the life of the note, providing certainty in an investor’s income stream.

  • Reduced Risk: The presence of collateral reduces the risk of loss in case of issuer default. Since the assets backing the notes can be sold off to repay the investors, the likelihood of losing the principal amount is minimised. This risk mitigation is a primary reason conservative investors prefer secured premium notes.

  • Maturity Period: These notes have a fixed maturity period, typically ranging from a few years to several decades. This means the investor knows exactly when they will receive their principal back, which aids financial planning. Long-term secured premium notes can offer higher interest rates, compensating for the longer lock-in period of the capital.

  • Priority Claim: In case of liquidation, holders of secured premium notes have a priority claim over the company’s assets compared to unsecured creditors.

  • Attractive to Conservative Investors: Given their security and fixed returns, secured premium notes are ideal for investors seeking stable income with reduced risk. These notes particularly appeal to those prioritising capital preservation over high-risk, high-reward investments. The predictable income and lower risk profile make them suitable for retirees or those nearing retirement.

SPN and Lock-in Period

When you explain secured premium notes, mention the lock-in period. The lock-in period for secured premium notes is when investors cannot redeem their investments. This period is predetermined and varies depending on the note’s terms. Typically, the lock-in period aligns with the maturity period of the notes, ensuring that investors commit their funds for a specified time to earn the promised returns.

Recommended Read: Demat Account Meaning

Understanding the lock-in period is crucial for liquidity planning, as it affects when investors can access their capital. For instance, if a secured premium note has a lock-in period of ten years, investors must be prepared to have their funds tied up for that duration.

While this might seem restrictive, the advantage is that it often comes with higher interest rates, compensating for the reduced liquidity.


Secured premium notes are a solid investment choice for those seeking secured returns in the stock market. By understanding what secured premium notes are and how they work, investors can make informed decisions.

These notes offer a reliable investment avenue with features like collateral backing, fixed returns, and a clear lock-in period. To start, consider the benefits and terms, and open a demat account to begin your investment journey.

Open a Demat & Trading Account

Know More about Share Market