Understand What is Sub Broker and Role in The Stock Market?

The world of finance is a complex ecosystem where various players contribute to the smooth functioning of markets. Among these participants, sub-brokers occupy a significant niche, playing vital roles that impact trading activities and investment decisions.

This exploration delves into everything surrounding sub-brokers, unravelling the key elements that define their roles, responsibilities, and significance within the broader financial framework.

What is a Sub-Broker?

A sub-broker can be defined as a crucial intermediary between the stockbroker and the clients within the dynamic securities market. Operating within the established regulatory framework in India, sub-brokers play a vital role in facilitating transactions and providing valuable investment advice to clients.

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulatory body responsible for overseeing and regulating their functioning in the country. It sets guidelines and norms that they must adhere to, ensuring transparency, fair practices, and investor protection.

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Types of Sub Broker

  1. Authorised Persons: Authorised persons are individuals whom a stockbroker authorises to conduct trades on behalf of clients. They act as representatives of the stockbroker and have the authority to buy, sell, and trade securities on the client’s behalf. Their key characteristic is that they operate under the direct supervision and control of the stockbroker.

  2. Trading Agents: Trading agents, also known as trading members or trading partners, are sub-brokers with their trading terminals and are authorised to trade on their accounts and on behalf of their clients. They have the flexibility to execute trades independently and a wider scope of operations than authorised persons.

  3. Franchisees: Franchisees operate under a registered stockbroker’s brand name and infrastructure. They have a contractual agreement with the stockbroker, allowing them to provide services to clients using the stockbroker’s brand and resources. Franchisees benefit from the stockbroker’s established reputation and support while offering services in a specific geographical location.

  4. Remisiers: Remisiers primarily focuses on client acquisition and relationship management. They act as intermediaries between clients and stockbrokers, providing information and assistance in opening trading accounts, facilitating transactions, and offering basic investment advice. Remisiers do not have direct trading authority and rely on the stockbroker to execute trades on behalf of clients.

Role of Sub Broker

  • Client Acquisition: Sub-brokers play a crucial role in expanding the investor base by actively engaging in client acquisition activities. They employ various strategies to identify and approach potential investors, individuals and institutions. Through seminars, workshops, and one-on-one interactions, they educate these prospects about the intricacies of the stock market, highlighting its potential for wealth creation and financial security.

  • Trading Advice: Drawing upon their knowledge and experience, they provide personalised trading advice tailored to their clients’ unique needs and risk profiles. They analyse market trends, economic indicators, and company fundamentals to offer insights that guide investors in making informed decisions. Whether it’s identifying undervalued stocks, timing market entry and exit points, or diversifying portfolios, they play a crucial role in optimising investment returns and minimising risks. By acting as trusted advisors, they help clients navigate the complexities of the financial markets with confidence and clarity, ultimately fostering long-term relationships built on trust and mutual success.

  • Transaction Facilitation: They serve as intermediaries between clients and the stock exchange, facilitating seamless transactions and ensuring timely settlement. They handle the entire trading process, from order placement to execution, leveraging technology and market expertise to optimise efficiency and accuracy. By streamlining transactional workflows and addressing any logistical challenges, they simplify the investment journey for their clients, enhancing overall market accessibility and liquidity.

Qualifications of a Stock Broker

Sub-brokers are crucial in the financial market as intermediaries between clients and the stock exchange. To become a sub-broker in India, certain qualifications and certifications are required.

  • SEBI Registration: Sub-brokers must register with SEBI, the regulatory body overseeing their activities, to ensure compliance with established guidelines.

  • Educational Qualifications: A minimum bachelor’s degree is required, with backgrounds in finance, economics, or business administration preferred.

  • Certifications: Obtaining industry certifications such as NISM certification demonstrates a comprehensive understanding of stock market operations and regulations.

  • Professional Skills: Strong analytical and numerical abilities are crucial for evaluating market trends and providing accurate advice. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills are essential for building and maintaining client relationships.

Benefits of Sub Broker

Being a sub-broker offers numerous benefits for individuals looking to establish themselves in the financial market.

One of the primary advantages is the potential for earning commissions. As a sub-broker, you can earn a percentage of the brokerage fees generated from the trades executed by your clients. This can provide a significant source of income, especially as your client base grows.

Furthermore, it allows you to build a strong network within the financial industry. Through interactions with clients, fellow brokers, and market professionals, you can expand your contacts and develop valuable connections. This network can enhance your reputation and open doors for potential business partnerships and collaborations.

Also, it provides you with unique insights into the stock market. As you assist clients in making investment decisions and executing trades on their behalf, you gain firsthand experience and knowledge about market trends, analysis techniques, and investment strategies.

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How to Become a Sub-Broker?

To become a sub-broker, several essential steps must be followed. First and foremost, understand the sub-broker’s meaning. They act as an intermediary between clients and a registered stockbroker, assisting in executing trades and providing investment advisory services.

The first step in becoming one is obtaining the necessary educational qualifications. You should have at least a bachelor’s degree in any discipline. Additionally, gaining knowledge in finance, economics, or related fields can be advantageous in understanding the intricacies of the stock market.

Once the educational qualifications are fulfilled, the next step is to obtain the required licenses and registrations. In India, individuals need to register with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). This requires completing the application, providing the necessary documents, and paying the prescribed fees.

Additionally, completing the mandatory training and certification programs specified by SEBI is crucial. These programs aim to enhance the understanding of market operations, regulations, and ethical practices. Completing these programs demonstrates a commitment to professionalism in the financial industry.

Difference Between a Sub-Broker and a Stockbroker

While both sub-brokers and stockbrokers contribute to the functioning of the securities market, they operate at different levels with distinct roles and responsibilities. A sub-broker represents a registered stockbroker and assists in executing trades and providing investment advice to clients. They play a crucial role in building client relationships, understanding their financial goals, and guiding them in making informed investment decisions.

On the other hand, a stockbroker holds a higher level of authority and is directly registered with the regulatory authorities. Stockbrokers have the authority to buy and sell securities on behalf of their clients, execute trades on stock exchanges, and provide a wider range of investment services.

They are responsible for maintaining compliance with regulatory requirements, managing risks, and ensuring the smooth functioning of the trading activities.

Feature Sub-Broker Stock-Broker

Acts as an intermediary between the stockbroker and the clients, facilitating transactions.

A licensed stock exchange member who can buy/sell shares directly on the market.

Regulatory Authority

Must be registered with SEBI but operate under the guidance and license of a stockbroker.

Must have a direct registration with SEBI and comply with its regulations independently.


Primarily involved in client servicing, advisory, and facilitating trade execution on behalf of a stockbroker.

Can execute trades, offer investment advice, and manage portfolios directly for clients.

Fees & Commissions

Earns commission based on the volume of trades executed for clients, as set by the stockbroker.

Charges clients based on transactions, advisory services, or portfolio management fees.


Requires certification and registration as per SEBI guidelines but does not need a direct stock exchange membership.

Requires comprehensive licensing, including direct membership in stock exchanges.

Final Words

By understanding a sub-broker’s role, responsibilities, and qualifications, investors can make informed decisions and build a strong portfolio. As the financial market continues to grow and evolve, the role of sub-brokers will remain integral to its functioning and success.

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